Embroidery as a Supply of Palestinian Identity
Among the many turmoil and tragedy of current Palestinian existence, the great thing about Palestinian embroidery is like a ray of light that brings a smile to most people’s faces. Whether or not one resides in Palestine or anyplace else around the globe, it’s a source of nice delight and joy that one incorporates into one’s life, whether as pillows and wall hangings to decorate a home, a traditional dress to wear at particular parties, a sublime night jacket, or a priceless present to present a friend. As old workshops and young designers discover new ways to introduce Palestinian embroidery into elegant modern wear, the survival of this treasured heritage is perpetuated and strengthened.
Although some particular person features of Palestinian costume and embroidery are shared with points of textile arts of neighboring Arab international locations, the Palestinian style has its special uniqueness that is simply acknowledged by textile art enthusiasts all around the world. Most books on worldwide embroidery current Palestinian traditional costume and embroidery because the prime instance of Center Japanese embroidery, affirming its worldwide fame.
How did this artwork kind develop? Actually, a examine of the event of the traditional Palestinian costume by the ages proves that this traditional costume accommodates historical information that paperwork centuries of textile-artwork growth in the region, an art type that has someway amazingly survived to this day. Whether or not one studies the traditional traditional simple lower of the thobe, the history of the headdresses and equipment, the wonderful variety of types of embroidery, the types of stitches, or the ancient origins of its patterns and motifs, one is deeply impressed with the historical richness of this legacy that dates back 1000’s of years, and which affirms the antiquity of Palestinian existence and roots, and the survival of its historical heritage.
The fantastic thing about the Palestinian costume fashion had its influence on Europeans starting from at the least the tenth to twelfth centuries AD, during the Crusades. Arab kinds have been copied in Europe, as documented by several European historians. The robust trade between the Arab world and Europe in the course of the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries AD, through the European Renaissance, was another instance of the spread of Arab textiles and embroidery to Europe. This resulted in Arab embroidery patterns being copied into European pattern books starting in 1523 in Germany, using the newly discovered printing press, and spreading quickly by translated variations to Italy, France, and England. Ranging from the eighteenth century, Europeans touring the Center East described the fantastic thing about Palestinian modern embroidery costume and embroidery, and took embroideries back house as souvenirs, considering them non secular artifacts from the Holy Land. In his book History of People Cross Stitch (1964), the historian Heinz Kiewe presents a chapter on “Historic cross stitch symbols from the Holy Land,” in which he confirms his “belief in the frequent, Palestinian source of those designs” utilized in European folks embroideries, because the patterns utilized in Palestinian traditional dresses have been considered of religious significance and copied into European folk embroidery over the past several centuries for that reason. He mentions, for instance, primary Palestinian patterns such as the eight-pointed star and reesh(feathers), whose acquired European names became Holy Star of Bethlehem and Holy Keys of Jerusalem. Kiewe additionally mentions the switch of Palestinian embroidery patterns to Europe by St. Francis of Assisi and their use in church embroideries, which have been recopied within the nineteenth century by the embroidery workshops of Assisi, whose embroidery model turned well-known all through Europe. In the early-nineteenth century, several European missionary groups collected Palestinian costumes and embroideries for display in Europe, normally for church exhibits. These collections ultimately found their manner into important European museums and signify a number of the oldest extant pieces of Palestinian embroidery.